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Cour suprême. Les nominations de Donald Trump

II. 17 novembre 2017. Addition de cinq nouveaux noms à la liste de personnes pressenties par le président Trump pour la Cour suprême.

Sans doute en raison des spéculations récurrentes sur la retraite ou le décès d’un ou plusieurs juges à la Cour suprême durant sa présidence, le président Donald J. Trump a révélé qu’il s’était fait établir une liste d’impétrants. Il le fait à la faveur d’un communiqué de presse annonçant qu’il avait ajouté cinq nouveaux noms à la liste de personnes susceptibles d’être nommées par lui à la Cour suprême.

One year ago, President Donald J. Trump was elected to restore the rule of law and to Make the Judiciary Great Again. Following the successful confirmation of Justice Neil M. Gorsuch to the Supreme Court of the United States and the nomination of more than seventy Federal judges—including five individuals from his Supreme Court list—President Trump today announced that he is refreshing his Supreme Court list with five additional judges. President Trump will choose a nominee for a future Supreme Court vacancy, should one arise, from this updated list of 25 individuals. The President remains deeply committed to identifying and selecting outstanding jurists in the mold of Justice Gorsuch. These additions, like those on the original list released more than a year ago, were selected with input from respected conservative leaders.

Amy Coney Barrett is a Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit. Prior to her appointment in 2017, Judge Barrett was the Diane and M.O. Miller, II Research Chair in Law and Professor of Law at Notre Dame Law School. Judge Barrett also served as a law clerk to Justice Antonin Scalia of the Supreme Court of the United States and to Judge Laurence H. Silberman of the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit. Judge Barrett is a magna cum laude graduate of Rhodes College and a summa cum laude graduate of Notre Dame Law School.

Britt C. Grant is a Justice of the Supreme Court of Georgia. Prior to her appointment in 2017, Justice Grant served as the Solicitor General of the State of Georgia and as a partner at Kirkland & Ellis LLP. Justice Grant served as law clerk to Judge Brett M. Kavanaugh of the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit, is a summa cum laude graduate of Wake Forest University, and graduated with distinction from Stanford Law School.

Brett M. Kavanaugh is a Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit. Before his appointment in 2006, Judge Kavanaugh was a partner at Kirkland & Ellis LLP, served as Assistant to the President and Staff Secretary, and was a lawyer in the White House Counsel’s Office and in the Solicitor General’s Office. Judge Kavanaugh also served as a law clerk to Justice Anthony M. Kennedy of the Supreme Court of the United States, to Judge Alex Kozinski of the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit, and to Judge Walter K. Stapleton of the United States Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit. Judge Kavanaugh is a cum laude graduate of Yale College and Yale Law School.

Kevin C. Newsom is a Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit. Prior to his appointment in 2017, he was a partner and chair of the appellate practice group at Bradley Arant Boult Cummings LLP. He previously served as the Solicitor General of the State of Alabama. Judge Newsom also served as a law clerk to Justice David H. Souter of the Supreme Court of the United States and to Judge Diarmuid F. O’Scannlain of the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit. Judge Newsom is a summa cum laude graduate of Samford University and a magna cum laude graduate of Harvard Law School.

Patrick Wyrick is a Justice of the Supreme Court of Oklahoma. Prior to his appointment in 2017, he served for six years as the Solicitor General of the State of Oklahoma. He also served as a law clerk to Judge James H. Payne of the United States District Courts for the Eastern and Northern Districts of Oklahoma. Justice Wyrick graduated from the University of Oklahoma and from the University of Oklahoma School of Law with distinction.

Par la même occasion, la Maison-Blanche a révélé sa liste complète (ci-après) :

Amy Coney Barrett of Indiana, U.S. Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit

Keith Blackwell of Georgia, Supreme Court of Georgia

Charles Canady of Florida, Supreme Court of Florida

Steven Colloton of Iowa, U.S. Court of Appeals for the Eighth Circuit

Allison Eid of Colorado, U.S. Court of Appeals for the Tenth Circuit

Britt Grant of Georgia, Supreme Court of Georgia

Raymond Gruender of Missouri, U.S. Court of Appeals for the Eighth Circuit

Thomas Hardiman of Pennsylvania, U.S. Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit

Brett Kavanaugh of Maryland, U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit

Raymond Kethledge of Michigan, U.S. Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit

Joan Larsen of Michigan, U.S. Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit

Mike Lee of Utah, United States Senator

Thomas Lee of Utah, Supreme Court of Utah

Edward Mansfield of Iowa, Supreme Court of Iowa

Federico Moreno of Florida, U.S. District Court for the Southern District of Florida

Kevin Newsom of Alabama, U.S. Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit

William Pryor of Alabama, U.S. Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit

Margaret Ryan of Virginia, U.S. Court of Appeals for the Armed Forces

David Stras of Minnesota, U.S. Court of Appeals for the Eighth Circuit

Diane Sykes of Wisconsin, U.S. Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit

Amul Thapar of Kentucky, U.S. Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit

Timothy Tymkovich of Colorado, U.S. Court of Appeals for the Tenth Circuit

Robert Young of Michigan, Supreme Court of Michigan (Ret.)

Don Willett of Texas, Supreme Court of Texas

Patrick Wyrick of Oklahoma, Supreme Court of Oklahoma

Observations. 1. Prédominance de juges. 2. Prédominance de juges fédéraux malgré une présence importante de juges de cours suprêmes d’États (républicains). 3. Un seul politique et aucun professeur de droit (deux profils très périlleux pour une confirmation au Sénat en raison de leur inclination professionnelle et/ou personnelle à prendre part au débat public et partisan).

I. La nomination du juge Gorsuch à la Cour suprême

5. 10 avril 2017. Prestation de serment du juge Neil Gorsuch à la Maison-Blanche.

4. 7 avril 2017. La nomination de Neil Gorsuch est confirmée par le Sénat par 54 voix contre 45.

3. 20 mars 2017. Début des auditions du juge Gorsuch par la Commission judiciaire du Sénat.

2. 31 janvier 2017. Le président Donald Trump annonce que son candidat pour la Cour suprême, après le décès du juge Scalia, est le juge Neil Gorsuch

1. 30 janvier 2017. Donald Trump annonce que son choix pour la Cour suprême est arrêté, puisque Merrick Garland, "chief judge" de l’U.S. Court of Appeals for the D.C. Circuit, nommé à la Cour suprême par Barack Obama le 16 mars 2016 n’a pas été confirmé par le Sénat.

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